The bottom line is potentially harmful bacteria reside in your pet’s GI tract whether you feed raw foods or the processed stuff. In other words, your pet is already ‘contaminated’ with Salmonella. Dogs and cats are built to handle bacterial loads from food that would cause significant illness in humans.
Acid reflux can affect cats of any breed, any sex or age, although acid reflux has been reported in more young cats than older felines. Felines that eat table scraps or have a diet that constantly changes are more prone to developing acid reflux than a feline that is fed a properly balanced diet. Acid reflux is also found in felines that are diagnosed with chronic vomiting and hairballs.
During hydrochloric acid secretion in the stomach, the gastric parietal cells extract chloride anions, carbon dioxide, water and sodium cations from the blood plasma and in turn release bicarbonate back into the plasma after forming it from carbon dioxide and water constituents. This is to maintain the plasma’s electrical balance, as the chloride anions have been extracted. The bicarbonate content causes the venous blood leaving the stomach to be more alkaline than the arterial blood delivered to it. If the pet vomits sporadically, the results of all tests may be normal.
Gastric acidity is likely a key factor shaping the diversity and composition of microbial communities found in the vertebrate gut. We conducted a systematic review to test the hypothesis that a key role of the vertebrate stomach is to maintain the gut microbial community by filtering out novel microbial taxa before they pass into the intestines. We propose that species feeding either on carrion or on organisms that are close phylogenetic relatives should require the most restrictive filter (measured as high stomach acidity) as protection from foreign microbes. Conversely, species feeding on a lower trophic level or on food that is distantly related to them (e.g. herbivores) should require the least restrictive filter, as the risk of pathogen exposure is lower.
Usually, it’s just annoying. GERD can, however, have serious consequences, including esophagitis and Barrett’s esophagus. Barrett’s esophagus is a condition that increases the likelihood of esophageal cancer. Great article but I think you have missed some very important points. My understanding is that the gastric pH of a kibble fed dog is no different from the gastric pH of a raw fed dog when the dog’s are not eating.
In episodes of sudden onset of vomiting, food is withheld for 24 – 48 hours and water for 24 hours. Water should never be withheld from an animal with known or suspected kidney disease without replacing fluids intravenously or subcutaneously (under the skin). If vomiting stops, small amounts of a bland low-fat food are fed 3 to 6 times daily for a few days, with a gradual increase in the amount fed and a gradual transition to the pet’s normal diet. Water is also reintroduced in small amounts on the second day.
The presence of a helicobacter infection means an animal’s innate GI defenses have been lost and local bacteria have taken advantage of the situation. It could be that too many antacids or H2 blockers were given.
Acid reflux in cats is a condition in which fluids within the stomach flow upward into the esophagus. Also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, veterinarians do not know the exact cause of this chronic disease, but hypotheses have been made. The up flow of stomach acid chronically irritates the esophagus lining, medically termed mucosa, causing clinical signs of regurgitation. Of course, if your cat is vomiting repeatedly, projectile vomiting, not keeping anything down (not even water), or you suspect the cat ate or drank a poisonous substance or swallowed something inedible, please take kitty to the vet.
You can ingest a meal far more quickly than it can be digested and absorbed by the small intestine. Thus, the stomach holds food and parses only small amounts into the small intestine at a time. Foods are not processed in the order they are eaten; rather, they are mixed together with digestive juices in the stomach until they are converted into chyme, which is released into the small intestine. Although a minimal amount of carbohydrate digestion occurs in the mouth, chemical digestion really gets underway in the stomach.
What is Acid Reflux?
And the body requires a healthy population of good bacteria to mount a strong immune response. Eating this rotted meat is one way of acquiring the good bacteria, even though most is destroyed by the low stomach acid pH. It is not the actual bacteria that make humans sick from rotten meat. It is the ingestion of toxins previously produced by the bacteria in the rotting meat and then absorbed into the blood stream causing vomiting and diarrhoea as well as fever and weakness.
Take a look at my video and article “From Best to Worst – My NEW Rankings of 13 Pet Foods.” Figure out where your pet’s food is in the ranking and work to move up the list to decrease the amount of nutritional stress your dog or cat is experiencing. It’s important to understand why the helicobacter infection occurred. Was the pet recently adopted from a shelter? Everything that happens in the life of a homeless pet causes tremendous stress, so it’s not surprising that opportunistic bacteria are able to colonize the GI tract. Cats with GI ulceration rarely show specific symptoms, such as blood in the stool or vomiting, and as a result, they often go undiagnosed.
Answers: Your Cat’s Acid Stomach
H. pylori is an S-shaped bacterium, 0.5 X 5 μm in length, with a tuft of 5 to 7 polar sheathed flagella in one end. The cell is a non-spore-forming, gram-negative bacterium consisting outer and inner membranes that are separated by the periplasm [1, 3]; its morphology is similar to C. jejuni .
In Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and hypercalcemia, there are increased gastrin levels, leading to excess gastric acid production, which can cause gastric ulcers. In such conditions, there is greater risk of infections of the digestive tract (such as infection with Vibrio or Helicobacter bacteria). If you are transitioning your kitty to a raw cat food diet, you may be feeding a combination for a short period of time.
Overtime, the feline’s esophagus becomes inflamed and painful, a condition veterinarians term esophagitis. The smooth tissues become scarred and narrowed, and tighten to protect the acids from further damaging the esophagus, forever affecting the cat’s ability to easily consume food. The pylorus, which holds around 30 mL (1 fluid ounce) of chyme, acts as a filter, permitting only liquids and small food particles to pass through the mostly, but not fully, closed pyloric sphincter.
The volume of the stomach increases at meal times and decreases as chyme leaves the stomach and enters the small intestine. The relaxed (empty) stomach has folds of lumen, which expands upon food arrival and almost disappears in a full stomach . Enzymes and acids are secreted in the stomach to break down food molecules, which is stored for gradual energy use.