GERD: Causes and Risk Factors


Posted On Mar 24 2015 by

Avoid fatty or greasy foods, chocolate, caffeine, mints or mint-flavored foods, spicy foods, citrus, and tomato-based foods. These foods decrease the competence of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES).

“It also leads to more frequent swallowing, which can move the irritating acid down the esophagus more quickly,” adds Bella. German scientists have also reported that cinnamon has anti-inflammatory effects, although further research is necessary. Just steer clear of mint flavors. “They can make symptoms worse!” Bella warns. Taking pain relievers such as ibuprofen, some muscle relaxers, or blood pressure medications can also stimulate acid reflux.

acid reflux causes food

Talk to your health-care professional if you take over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin). These can aggravate reflux in some people. Avoid fatty or greasy foods, chocolate, caffeine, mints or mint-flavored foods, spicy foods, citrus, and tomatoes. These foods can irritate the already damaged lining of the esophagus. Don’t eat large meals, especially before bedtime.

Other natural treatments that may relieve GERD symptoms include deglycyrrhized licorice, ginger and slippery elm bark, which may reduce symptoms, relieve nausea, and improve gastric emptying. For many people with digestive issues, restoring balance to the bacterial flora in the intestines may be beneficial. Eating fermented and pre-biotic foods might help to achieve this.

The advantage of a PPI over an H2 antagonist is that the PPI shuts off acid production more completely and for a longer period of time. Not only is the PPI good for treating the symptom of heartburn, but it also is good for protecting the esophagus from acid so that esophageal inflammation can heal. Several changes in eating habits can be beneficial in treating GERD. Reflux is worse following meals.

  • It really coats the stomach lining and helps you digest your food.
  • Pepcid Complete also has antacids in it.
  • When food or saliva is swallowed, the LES relaxes for a few seconds to allow the food or saliva to pass from the esophagus into the stomach, and then it closes again.
  • There is only one foam barrier, which is a combination of aluminum hydroxide gel, magnesium trisilicate, and alginate (Gaviscon).
  • It can last as long as 2 hours.

Then, when the test is being analyzed, it can be determined whether or not acid reflux occurred at the time of the symptoms. If reflux did occur at the same time as the symptoms, then reflux is likely to be the cause of the symptoms. If there was no reflux at the time of symptoms, then reflux is unlikely to be the cause of the symptoms.

One reason this happens is that the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is weakened or damaged. Normally the LES closes to prevent food in the stomach from moving up into the esophagus.

It pushes food, saliva, and whatever else is in the esophagus into the stomach. In fact, reflux of the stomach’s liquid contents into the esophagus occurs in most normal individuals. One study found that reflux occurs as frequently in normal individuals as in patients with GERD. In patients with GERD, however, the refluxed liquid contains acid more often, and the acid remains in the esophagus longer.

In people who have a hiatal hernia, the upper part of the stomach pushes up through the hole in the diaphragm and into the chest cavity. As a result, the diaphragm can no longer help to close the entrance to the stomach. The food pipe becomes narrower just before it reaches the stomach. This narrow part is normally kept shut by the muscles in the food pipe and diaphragm.

Talk to your doctor if lifestyle changes and medications don’t improve symptoms. Your doctor can recommend prescription medications, or in extreme cases, surgery. Mint and products with mint flavoring, like chewing gum and breath mints, can also trigger acid reflux symptoms. Eating high-fat foods puts you at greater risk for reflux symptoms, so reducing your total daily fat intake can help. Fried and fatty foods can cause the LES to relax, allowing more stomach acid to back up into the esophagus.

This means that it is contracting and closing off the passage from the esophagus into the stomach. This closing of the passage prevents reflux. When food or saliva is swallowed, the LES relaxes for a few seconds to allow the food or saliva to pass from the esophagus into the stomach, and then it closes again. The first part of the small intestine attached to the stomach.

acid reflux causes food

Last Updated on: September 27th, 2019 at 2:10 am, by


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