Dyspepsia: Symptoms, causes, and treatments


Posted On Mar 7 2015 by

Even a few extra pounds can put pressure on your stomach, causing acid to back up into your esophagus. Because indigestion can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as an ulcer or occasionally cancer, anyone experiencing the following symptoms in addition to indigestion should consult with their doctor.

indigestion definition medical

Indigestion or dyspepsia is a widespread condition, estimated to occur in 25% of the adult population of the United States. Most people with indigestion do not feel sick enough to see a doctor; nonetheless, it is a common reason for office visits. About 3% of visits to primary care doctors are for indigestion. Your doctor will rule out any underlying conditions that may be causing your symptoms.

In short, acid indigestion can be caused by disease or ulcer in the digestive tract (NIDDK, 2004). Frequently, the symptoms of potential causes can overlap, making diagnosis difficult (Bazaldua & Schneider, 1999). Most likely the confusion involving acid indigestion and GERD/heartburn can be attributed to the fact that both conditions have a burning-type of pain or sensation associated with them. However, compared to acid indigestion, the burning feeling from GERD occurs in the mid-abdomen and in the lower middle portion of the chest, just behind the breast bone (NIDDK, 2007), while the burning pain from acid indigestion occurs in the pit or lower part of the stomach or abdomen. Furthermore, GERD is caused by stomach acid (i.e., hydrochloric acid) backing up into the esophagus.

Also, people can have medical conditions that cause stomach pain. Learn more about the potential causes with this article. Indigestion – also called dyspepsia or an upset stomach – is a general term that describes discomfort in your upper abdomen. Indigestion is not a disease, but rather some symptoms you experience, including abdominal pain and a feeling of fullness soon after you start eating. Although indigestion is common, each person may experience indigestion in a slightly different way.

Heart attacks may cause symptoms often are mistaken for indigestion. If indigestion is accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating, chest pain, or pain radiating to the jaw, back, neck or arm, seek medical attention immediately. Stress and anxiety can affect the body and can aggravate symptoms of indigestion.

Pain that occurs in the upper abdomen or the chest. It may or may not be related to overeating or consuming a trigger food or beverage. Heartburn that occurs more than twice a week may be considered gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This disease can eventually lead to more serious health problems.

indigestion definition medical

Discussing the condition with your doctor or friends and family may offer a sense of relief. They can provide you with support as you navigate ways to manage your symptoms. Changing your diet may be one of the most important factors in managing FD. It may be that what or how you eat impacts your symptoms.

She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor’s (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well. Treatment for indigestion can usually be bough over the counter. Antacids are commonly used to neutralize the stomach acids and provide relief. Antacids are meant to work against the acid in your system.

Stress and anxiety often can make indigestion worse. The definition of Indigestion is an uncomfortable feeling of fullness, pain, or burning in your upper abdomen. Dr. Charles “Pat” Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals.

Ordinary indigestion can result from eating too much or too fast; from eating when tense, tired, or emotionally upset; from food that is too fatty or spicy; and from heavy food or food that has been badly cooked or processed. NONULCER TYPE. Most cases of chronic indigestion-as many as 65%-fall into this third category. Nonulcer dyspepsia is sometimes called functional dyspepsia because it appears to be related to abnormalities in the way that the stomach empties its contents into the intestine.

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Some medical experts believe that the burning pain in the stomach results from there not being enough mucus lining protecting the stomach (Protocare Corporation, 1997). Using antacids may not help ameliorate the burning sensation associated with indigestion, although some people say that they get relief from taking antacids (see NIDDK, 2004). There are a number of factors which can cause acid indigestion. Some of the more common etiologies/causes of acid indigestion include peptic ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux. Although rare, gastric and pancreatic cancers can sometimes cause acid indigestion.

Rumination is the repeated regurgitation of food residue, which may be rechewed and reswallowed. In contrast to emesis, these phenomena may exhibit volitional control. Indigestion is a term encompassing a range of complaints including nausea, vomiting, heartburn, regurgitation, and dyspepsia (the presence of symptoms thought to originate in the gastroduodenal region). Some individuals with dyspepsia report predominantly epigastric burning, gnawing, or pain. Others experience postprandial fullness, early satiety (an inability to complete a meal due to premature fullness), bloating, eructation (belching), and anorexia.

Don’t lie down too soon after eating. Limit the use of alcohol. If you use tobacco, try to quit. Stress and lack of sleep also can worsen symptoms.

Indigestion can be linked to more serious chronic conditions, including ulcers, pancreas abnormalities, or acid reflux disease. Speak to your doctor if your symptoms are severe or last for more than two weeks. Sometimes people with indigestion also experience heartburn, but heartburn and indigestion are two separate conditions.

Last Updated on: September 27th, 2019 at 1:39 am, by


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